Bordón Spanish
Bordone Italian
Bordun German
Borduna Swedish? Finnish?
Bourdon French
Flautado Violón Spanish
Bardone Italian
Barduen (unknown)
Bassbrummer German
Bordoncino Italian
Brummbass German
Burdo German

This entry is still under construction. The next time you visit, check the Revision History to see what's been added.

A 16' stopped wooden flute of large scale. The name is derived from the French word bourdonner, meaning "to buzz". It is possibly the single most common 16' pedal stop. The most common name is Bourdon. It is similar to, and occasionally synonymous with, the Gedeckt and the Stopped Diapason. On theatre organs, the name is bogusly used for an extension of the Concert Flute, an open stop.

The illustrations are Audsley's. Click on the images for larger images. The photo is of the 16' Bourdon at Culver Academies, Indiana, USA, courtesy of John Gouwens.



Bourdon à Cheminée
Bourdon Doux
Contra Bourdon
  Echo Bourdon
Grand Bourdon (actually a mixture)
Sub Bourdon


Examples of Bourdon and Bordun are extremely common. Osiris contains 10 examples of Bordone at 8' pitch, and 8 examples at 16'. Osiris contains two dozen examples of Bordon at 8' pitch, 20 at 16', and two at 32'. Osiris contains two dozen examples of Flautado Violón at 8' pitch, and three at 16'. Osiris contains 12 examples of Borduna at 16' pitch, and 3 at 8' pitch. No examples of Bardone, Bassbrummer or Burdo are known.

Flautado Violón 8', Manual; Parroquia, Ibdes, Zaragoza, Spain; Sánchez 1732.

Flautado Violón 8', Manual; Iglesia de la Virgen, Tobed, Zaragoza, Spain; Irisarre & Serrano 1737.

Flautado Violón 8', Manual; Santo Domingo, Daroca, Zaragoza, Spain; Sánchez 1741.

Bordoncino 2', Manual II; Lapua, Finland; Kangasala 1938. This is the only known example of this name.

Brummbass 16', Pedal; All Saints' Episcopal Church, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; Schantz 197?. This is the only known example of this name.

Barduen 8', Chorsatz; Grace Lutheran Church, River Forest, Illinois, USA; Berghaus 1987. Small scale, hardwood. This is the only known example of this name.

Sound Clips

See the Sound Files appendix for general information.

Manual Bourdons
Bourdon 16', Grand Orgue St. Bernhard, Mainz, Germany Cavaillé-Coll, 1872-1892 arpeggio St. Anne
Bourdon 16', Swell Kellogg Auditorium, Battle Creek, Michigan, USA Aeolian-Skinner, 1933 St. Anne (8va)
Bourdon 8', Great First Baptist Church, Riverside, California, USA Schantz, 1966 arpeggio St. Anne
Pedal Bourdons
Bourdon 16', Pedal First Baptist Church, Riverside, California, USA Schantz, 1966 arpeggio


Adlung[1]: §112, §124 Bordun, §194 Sordun. Audsley[1]: Barduen; Bardone; Bourdon. Audsley[2]: I.XIII Bardone, Bourdon, Perduna; II.XXXIV Bourdon, II.XXXVI Gedeckt. Bedos[1]: § 146-147, 149, 152, 157, 159, 161, 164, 236-239, 266, 844-861. Bonavia-Hunt[1]: Bourdon; Stopped Diapason. Douglass[1]: 74, 75, 79, 82-83, 85-89, 91-92, 96-97, 103, 109, 111-113. Grove[1]: Bourdon; Gedackt; Violon. Irwin[1]: Bourdon. Locher[1]: Bourdon. Maclean[1]: Bourdon. Skinner[1]: 51; XII Bourdon. Strony[1]: Bourdon. Sumner[1]: Bourdon; Stopped Diapason. Wedgwood[1]: Barduen; Bombarde; Bourdon; Flautado Violon. Williams[1]: Glossary: Bourdon.
Copyright © 1999 Edward L. Stauff, all rights reserved.
Bourdon.html - Last updated 12 Feb 2009.
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